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Static light scattering (SLS) is a technique to measure absolute molecular weight using the relationship between the intensity of light scattered by a molecule and its molecular weight and size, as described by the Rayleigh theory. In the simplest terms, Rayleigh theory says that larger molecules scatter more light than smaller molecules from a given light source and that the intensity of the scattered light is proportional to the molecule’s molecular weight.
There are two ways to measure absolute molecular weight by SLS:
Batch measurement with cuvette based instruments, such as the Zetasizer series, is an ensemble technique. Therefore the result calculated is the weight average molecular weight of the entire sample measured.
However, the most common way of measuring absolute molecular weight is to add an SLS detector e.g. Low Angle Light Scattering LALS, Right Angle Light Scattering RALS or Multi Angle Light Scattering MALS to a GPC/SEC system. By combining SLS with the separation technique you can calculate the absolute molecular weight at any point in the eluting chromatogram and determining the molecular weight of any population in a mixed sample becomes possible.
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A summary of the three top academic research papers covering different research topics which show how multi-detector GPC/SEC can be used for different applications.
Different samples of commercially available PLGA were analyzed to compare their absolute molecular weight from light scattering to those quoted with the product. Additionally, the Mark-Houwink plots of different examples containing different ratios o...
A review of the methods available for measuring the key characteristics of polymers focusing on the benefits and value of gel permeation/size exclusion chromatography (GPC/SEC). Much of the paper talks exclusively about polymers, however many of the ...
In this application note, we describe the analysis of a semi-purified protein mixture containing β-amylase. Step-by-step, we show how different properties of the proteins elicit a specific response in each detector and how the coupling this data can...
A series of dextran samples ranging in molecular weight from about 1– 650 kDa are characterized using OMNISEC. Structural comparisons to other polysaccharides, gum arabic and pectin are presented
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