Electrophoretic light scattering ELS
Electrophoretic Light Scattering ELS for electrophoretic mobility and zeta potential measurement
Electrophoretic Light Scattering (ELS) is a technique used to measure the electrophoretic mobility of particles in dispersion, or molecules in solution. This mobility is often converted to Zeta potential to enable comparison of materials under different experimental conditions.
The fundamental physical principle is that of electrophoresis. A dispersion is introduced into a cell containing two electrodes. An electrical field is applied to the electrodes, and particles or molecules that have a net charge, or more strictly a net zeta potential will migrate towards the oppositely charged electrode with a velocity, known as the mobility, that is related to their zeta potential.
The velocity is measured by the laser Doppler technique. There are two implementations of this. One to determine a frequency shift, which can give a full zeta potential distribution and a second known as PALS, where the phase shift is measured. PALS is a more sensitive method, but only gives an average zeta potential value.
The Zetasizer Nano uses both techniques to give the best of both worlds.
Products using Electrophoretic Light Scattering
- These systems measure:
- Zeta potential, particle size & molecular weight
- Particle size range:
- 0.3nm to 10µm
- Zeta potential size range:
- 0.38nm to 100µm
- Dispersion type:
- Dynamic light scattering, electrophoretic light scattering & static light scattering
- Equipment environment: